Ethiopian food is just superb and yet little known really. Below we have set out our top ten must have Ethio dishes with of course a cooking video to show you how it is all done. Now choosing ten dishes was really hard for us as there are just so many amazing recipes coming out of Ethiopia.
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A few things you should know about Ethiopian food and cooking.
Berbere – This rich red chilli powder is a must for many Ethiopian dishes.
It is not just chilli in the mix, there are lots and lots of beautiful spices making up this main stay spice.
Awaze – This is a hot paste used in cooking and served on the side as a condiment
Niter Kibe or Kibbeh – This is a ghee type of spiced clarified butter and is often used in wots and other stews as well as tibs.
You can find recipe videos and of course hundreds more Ethiopian dishes on our Youtube channel.
01 – Doro Wot
Doro which means chicken and Wot ( or wet or watt ) meaning sauce, is the national dish of Ethiopia. This super slow cooked spicy chicken stew uses the famous Berbere spice, that gives it its fantastic colour and flavour. A huge amount of finely chopped onions (for Western standards that is) is used to create this masterpiece. Note, you cannot make this dish quickly, it is all about low n slow cooking. We have two video recipes below, one in Amharic and the other in English.
02 – Tibs
The word Tibs means to fry. In most cases within Ethiopian cuisine it usually means dried fried meat. There are many different types and styles of Tibs, check out this video recipe for Awaze Tibs.
03 – Injera (Enjera)
This amazing sourdough flat bread is served with pretty much all Ethiopian food. It is made from tef ( teff ) a tiny grain that is gluten free. To make Injera or Enjera is not that easy but once you get the hang of it is a breeze. Tef can be hard to get hold of and there are other ways of making injera like, rice flour, wheat flour and so on. We have below a version using corn flour or corn starch and also a video showing the process from the mill to the plate. Enjoy.
04 – Azifa
This is such a super lentil salad and is easy to make. Because of Ethiopian being mainly Christian, there are lots and lots of fasting types of food. Ethiopian Christian fasting is not to abstain from easting but being vegan.
05 – Shiro
This ground chickpea or Broad bean flour is very popular in Ethiopia. It can be made adding many different types of spices and herbs. The basic or classic version is probably the best though.
06 – Fasolia
Simple long or french beans pan fried with carrots and onions.
07 – Misir (Lentils Alicha or Wot)
Lentils play a huge part in Ethiopian cooking. Red green and brown are found in many dishes. Soups (Shorba ), salads and stews as well as lentils cooked along with meats. There are so many to choose from.
08 – Kitfo
This is the African steak Tartare, very high quality minced or ground beef is either eaten completely raw or turned in a pan with hot butter. Often served with Gomen (Collard Greens ) and Cottage cheese (Ayibe or Aibe), this dish is very very popular. Gored gored is similar in the sense that it is eaten raw but is not minced but served cubed.
09 – Genfo
This stiff porridge is made from is made from barley flour but wheat flour can be used.
10 – Doro Dabo (Chicken Bread)
This chicken bread is totally amazing and made it on to our list just because it is so wonderful. Not the easiest thing to make but really worth the effort.